An Abridged History of the Trade Union and Labour Movement from the Industrial Revolution to the Present Day The course of events (timeline)

1688 Glorious revolution (bourgeois)

1694 Formation of the Bank of England

1766 American declaration of independence

1789 French revolution begins

1791 Paine’s Rights of Man published

1792 London Corresponding Society formed

1795 Speenhamland scale of relief adopted

1799 First Combination Act; suppression of corresponding societies

1800 Second Combination Act

1801 General Enclosure Act

1811/12 Luddite riots

1819 Peterloo massacre. First factory Act

1824 Combination Acts repealed

1825 Combination laws reintroduced

1829 Owenite coopteratlve societies founded

1830 Agricultural labourers' riots

1832 Reform Act

1833 Grand National Consolidated Trades Union
1834 New poor law. Trial of Tolpuddle Martyrs. Break up of the unions

1838 The Charter issued

1839 Chartist convention and petition. Newport uprising

1842 Second chartist petition. General strike

1844 Rochdale pioneers start co-operative store

1845 National Association of United Trades formed

1846 Combination laws repealed

1847 Ten hours Act

1848 Third chartist’s petition

1851 Amalgamated society of Engineers formed

1860 London trades council formed

1861 Amalgamated society of Carpenters and Joiners formed

1863 Co-operative wholesale society formed

1864 First Trades Union Congress

1867 Reform Act

1870 Education Act

1871 Formation of the Stevedores and Dockers union. Trade union Act. Criminal Law amendment Act

1872 National agricultural labourers union formed. Trade union amendment Act Major changes in company law

1881 Social Democratic Federation formed

1883 Fabians society formed

1884 Reform Act

1888 New union movement. Miners federation formed. Match girls strike Gasworkers strike
1889 Formation of unskilled workers into unions resulting in major labour unrest including the London docks strike. Scottish Labour Party formed

1892 3 Independent Labour MPs elected

1893 Independent Labour Party formed

1900 Labour Representation Committee formed

1901 Taff vale judgment

1906 Labour Representation Committee becomes the Parliamentary Labour Party

1908 Plebs League - movement for independent working-class education

1909 Osborne judgement

1911 Transport strikes

1912 Miners' strike. Daily Herald published

1913 National Union of Railwaymen formed

1914 World War I begins

1915 Clyde strikes. Shop Stewards movement

1917 Russian revolution

1918 World War I ends

1919 Versailles treaty. Boom begins. League of Nations begins

1921 Boom ended. Miners lockout. Black Friday. Communist Party founded

1922 Engineering lockout. Fascist coup in Italy

1924 First Labour government.

1926 General strike.

1927 Trades Disputes Act.

1929 Second Labour government.

1930 Daily Worker published

1931 ‘National’ government formed

1932 Japan invades Manchuria

1933 Nazi party comes to power

1935 Abyssinian crisis. Mass unemployment. Government rejects Keynesian economics. Roosevelt brings in the Keynesian New deal
1937 Japan invades China

1938 Nazis invade Austria. Munich settlement

1939 Nazis invade Czechoslovakia. Nazi-Soviet pact. World War II begins

1940 Chamberlain government overturned. Fall of France

1941 Nazis invade Russia. Japan attacks US

1945 Victory over Germany and Japan. Labour government elected leading to National Health Service, education reform, trade union reform, nationalisation of major industries

1951 Labour government defeated. Conservative government elected. Adopts one-nation policy (accepts labour reforms)

1964 Labour government elected. Major social reforms

1970 Conservative government elected

1974 Labour government elected

1979 Conservative government elected. Margaret Thatcher becomes leader rejects one-nation toryism and keynesian economics in favour of monetarism. Confrontation with trade union movement

1990 The Soviet Union collapses

1994 New Labour dumps clause IV

1997 Tony Blair elected Prime Minister in landslide victory. Blair and Chancellor Gordon Brown believe in monetarism. Minimum wage introduced and Trade union rights at GCHQ restored

2001 Labour returned for second term

2003 Anti Iraq war demonstration of 2 million people. Blair joins Bush in invasion of Iraq

2005 The Labour Party win a third term for Blair with reduced majorityFour terror attacks on London's transport network directly linked to the Iraq invasion. 37 people dead and 700 injured

2007 Gordon Brown New Labour Prime Minister after Blair steps down

2008 Britain intensifies military role in Afghanistan

2009 Collapse of Freemanite monetarism. Recession. New Labour Government returns to Keynesian economics. Part nationalises banking system. Unemployment rises

2010 The United Kingdom general election result was inconclusive. Conservatives form a coalition government with the Liberals, and set about rolling back the state

2011 Over 700,000 demonstrators march through London to protest about government cuts, meanwhile the coalition government spends millions enforcing a no fly zone over Libya


This Abridged History ©Terry McCarthy is available to buy as a book, price £7.99 + p&p.