Labour History

Movement Publications

1688 Glorious revolution (bourgeois)

 

1694 Formation of the Bank of England

 

1766 American declaration of independence

 

1789 French revolution begins

 

1791 Paine’s Rights of Man published

 

1792 London Corresponding Society formed

 

1795 Speenhamland scale of relief adopted

 

1799 First Combination Act; suppression of corresponding societies

 

1800 Second Combination Act

 

1801 General Enclosure Act

 

1811/12 Luddite riots

 

1819 Peterloo massacre. First factory Act

 

1824 Combination Acts repealed

 

1825 Combination laws reintroduced

 

1829 Owenite coopteratlve societies founded

 

1830 Agricultural labourers' riots

 

1832 Reform Act

 

1833 Grand National Consolidated Trades Union

 

1834 New poor law. Trial of Tolpuddle Martyrs. Break up of the unions

 

1838 The Charter issued

 

1839 Chartist convention and petition. Newport uprising

 

1842 Second chartist petition. General strike

 

1844 Rochdale pioneers start co-operative store

 

1845 National Association of United Trades formed

 

1846 Combination laws repealed

 

1847 Ten hours Act

 

1848 Third chartist’s petition

 

1851 Amalgamated society of Engineers formed

 

1860 London trades council formed

 

1861 Amalgamated society of Carpenters and Joiners formed

 

1863 Co-operative wholesale society formed

 

1864 First Trades Union Congress

 

1867 Reform Act

 

1870 Education Act

 

1871 Formation of the Stevedores and Dockers union. Trade union Act. Criminal Law amendment Act

 

1872 National agricultural labourers union formed. Trade union amendment Act Major changes in company law

 

1881 Social Democratic Federation formed

 

1883 Fabians society formed

 

1884 Reform Act

 

1888 New union movement. Miners federation formed. Match girls strike Gasworkers strike

                       

1889 Formation of unskilled workers into unions resulting in major labour unrest including the London docks strike. Scottish  Labour Party formed

 

1892 3 Independent Labour MPs elected

 

1893 Independent Labour Party formed

 

1900 Labour Representation Committee formed

 

1901 Taff vale judgment

 

1906 Labour Representation Committee becomes the Parliamentary  Labour Party

 

1908 Plebs League - movement for independent working-class education

 

1909 Osborne judgement

 

1911 Transport strikes

 

1912 Miners' strike. Daily Herald published

 

1913 National Union of Railwaymen formed

 

1914 World War I begins

 

1915 Clyde strikes. Shop Stewards movement

 

1917 Russian revolution

 

1918 World War I ends

 

1919 Versailles treaty. Boom begins. League of Nations begins

 

1921 Boom ended. Miners lockout. Black Friday. Communist Party founded

 

1922 Engineering lockout. Fascist coup in Italy

 

1924 First Labour government.

 

1926 General strike.

 

1927 Trades Disputes Act.

 

1929 Second Labour government.

 

1930 Daily Worker published

 

1931 ‘National’ government formed

 

1932 Japan invades Manchuria

 

1933 Nazi party comes to power

 

1935 Abyssinian crisis. Mass unemployment. Government rejects Keynesian economics. Roosevelt brings in the Keynesian New deal

1937 Japan invades China

 

1938 Nazis invade Austria. Munich settlement

 

1939 Nazis invade Czechoslovakia. Nazi-Soviet pact. World War II begins

 

1940 Chamberlain government overturned. Fall of France

 

1941 Nazis invade Russia. Japan attacks US

 

1945 Victory over Germany and Japan. Labour government elected leading to National Health Service, education reform, trade union reform,  nationalisation of major industries

 

1951 Labour government defeated. Conservative government elected. Adopts one-nation policy (accepts labour reforms)

 

1964 Labour government elected. Major social reforms

 

1970 Conservative government elected

 

1974 Labour government elected

 

1979 Conservative government elected. Margaret Thatcher becomes leader rejects one-nation toryism and keynesian economics in favour of monetarism. Confrontation with trade union movement

 

1990 The Soviet Union collapses

 

1994 New Labour dumps clause IV

 

1997 Tony Blair elected Prime Minister in landslide victory. Blair and Chancellor Gordon Brown believe in monetarism. Minimum wage introduced and Trade union rights at GCHQ restored  

 

2001 Labour returned for second term

2003 Anti Iraq war demonstration of 2 million people.  Blair joins Bush in invasion of Iraq

 

2005 The Labour Party win a third term for Blair with reduced majorityFour terror attacks on London's transport network directly linked to the Iraq invasion. 37 people dead and 700 injured

 

2007 Gordon Brown New Labour Prime Minister after Blair steps down

 

2008 Britain intensifies military role in Afghanistan

 

2009 Collapse of Freemanite monetarism. Recession. New Labour Government returns to Keynesian economics. Part nationalises banking system. Unemployment rises

 

2010 The United Kingdom general election result was inconclusive. Conservatives form a coalition government with the Liberals, and set about rolling back the state

 

2011 Over 700,000 demonstrators march through  London to protest about government cuts, meanwhile the coalition government spends millions enforcing a no fly zone over Libya

 

An Abridged History of the Trade Union and Labour Movement from the Industrial Revolution to the Present Day

 

The course of events (timeline)

© Labour History Movement Publications 2011

This Abridged History ©Terry McCarthy is available to buy as a book, price £7.99 + p&p.